History


Plan of the Institute area


The enterprise was founded in 1969 as a branch 2 of the S.I.Vavilov State Optical Institute (GOI) to carry out the ground-based testing and calibration of optical systems for space missions, to study lasers and laser systems, to test optical and optoelectronic devices and to produce quantities of these specialist manufactured systems.


Building making

Large area and fortunate location on the coast of Gulf of Finland favoured optical-physical and full-scale testing of optoelectronic devices intended for aerospace, ground-based and sea applications, development of various laser devices, infrared imagers and thermal location finders, night viewing devices, radiation indicators etc.

On the initiative of M.M. Miroshnikov, who was in those days at the head of the State Optical Institute, the research and testing base was established in Sosnovy Bor, and he did a great deal for establishment and development of the Institute branch.

In 1990 our Institute was granted the status of autonomous enterprise providing a service to the federal authority and received the name "Research Institute for Complex Testing of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems" (FGUP NIIKI OEP ). To this time the GOI branch represented a large centre intended for complex research and testing of optoelectronic devices and laser systems, the similar centres were not available neither in our country nor abroad. 24 unique research and testing facilities, 54 technological complexes created at the Institute were used for fundamental research. Nearly two thousand and a half of people were working at the Institute, more than 80 employees had academic degrees.

Its unique test-facilities made it possible to test optoelectronic devices under conditions close to actual ones among them: thermal, optical, light, vacuum-cryogenic, mechanical and environmental tests. Several generations of space devices after the ground-based adjustment on our facilities were successfully launched in space.

Research in laser radiation-material interaction were largely orientated from the outset of the enterprise formation to the development and creation of multipurpose laser systems. The last included laser solid-state systems: 6-channel facility "PROGRESS-M " and laser adaptive system "LAS", laser facilities "CHIBIS" and "M-9 " (the first is based on the carbon dioxide, and the second on the photodissociation iodine laser), and also a complex simulating facility of laser action "S-LV". These laser systems enabled us to obtain important results in control over radiation characteristics of high-power Nd-glass lasers and in attainment of the marginal laser pulses, in phase conjugation of Nd-and CO2 lasers intended for achievement of a small divergence angle, in methods for the accurate laser beam pointing, in physics and technology of photodissociation iodine lasers, power optics. The optical elements and sub-assemblies for the super-power lasers have been developed and created: unique focusing lenses, electrooptic isolations, vacuum spatial filters, large aperture rod amplifiers, etc.

A complex of unique light facilities, including light testing station "LTS" of up to 3 MW power enabled us to simulate the light pulses of the nuclear explosion and to test devices and materials for light stability. On the optical range-based facility 2,6 km long the full-scale tests of optoelectronic devices intended for terrestrial and naval applications have been carried out.

Formation of the Institute structure was completed in 1994. At that time NIIKI OEP included the prototype production (which to this point has been in the structure of central GOI) with three large shops: machine, optical and assembly shops. Nearly all the Institute test-benches and large research facilities have been created by our specialists on the prototype production. A section of large aspheric optics based on the two-axis NC control (AD 1000 ) has been established and the automatic shaping technology of the sophisticated optical surfaces of glass, quartz and vitreous ceramics using small tool has been introduced. Later a section of diamond turning based on the turning lathes was included in the prototype production. It made it possible to produce optics of metals, polycrystalline-and-mono-crystalline materials.

In 1997 by the RF Government decision NIIKI OEP was granted the status of a Federal Research-and-Production Centre. By committee on military-industrial problems of the RF Government dated 27.06.2000, NIIKI OEP was appreciated as a significant research and trials centre, and 9 research facility complexes were included in the public register of the unique test-facilities.

In 2012 FGUP NIIKI OEP was reorganized and included into Corporation for Special Space-based Systems "KOMETA".


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A.D. Starikov. About the Institute history (pdf, 210k) (in Russian)